Roman Gods and Goddesses


The idea of gods as anthropomorphized beings came later, with influences from the Etruscan and Greek pantheons. The Roman deities most familiar today are those the Romans identified with Greek and sometimes Egyptian counterparts, integrating Greek and Egyptian myths, iconography, and sometimes religious practices into Roman culture, including Latin literature, Roman art, and religious life as it was experienced throughout the Empire.

From a pseudoscientific point of you the Gods and Goddesses are all the same just different names as representations of the same souls.

Information about the Roman gods remains obscure, known only by name and sometimes function, through inscriptions and texts that are often fragmentary. This is particularly true of those gods belonging to the archaic religion of the Romans dating back to the era of kings, the so-called "religion of Numa", which was perpetuated or revived over the centuries.

Some archaic deities have Italic or Etruscan counterparts, as identified both by ancient sources and by modern scholars. Throughout the Empire, the deities of peoples in the provinces were given new theological interpretations in light of functions or attributes they shared with Roman deities.




Roman and Greek God Comparisons

RomanGreek
ApolloApollo
BacchusDionysus
CeresDemeter
CupidEros
DianaArtemis
Fortuna
Janus
JunoHera
JupiterZeus
Maia
MarsAres
MercuryHermes
MinervaAthena
NeptunePoseidon
PlutoHades
ProserpinaPersephone
SaturnCronus
UranusOuranos
VenusAphrodite
VestaHestia
VulcanHephaestus




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