Stonehenge Amulets Worn by Elite Discovery - April 7, 2007
This gold object was unearthed at a Stonehenge burial site.
Archaeologists believe the ornament and others like it were
once worn by powerful individuals who believed they held magical powers.
(If you take the grooves and make the amulet 3D, you get a golden pyramid.
Also a Golden Rectangle)
Experts believe the black artifact is a skeuomorph,
or a copy in a different material.
Forget dressing for success: Clothing ornaments thought to confer supernatural power were all the rage among chiefs and other important people in England 4,000 years ago, say scholars. A recent find indicates some of these fashion trends might have originally been designed by Stonehenge leaders.
While working two months ago in South Lowestoft, Suffolk, British archaeologist Clare Good excavated a four-sided object made of the mineral jet. It closely matches a geometrically designed gold object found far away at a burial site called Bush Barrow near Stonehenge in Wiltshire.
The match is so close that experts believe the black artifact is a skeuomorph, or a copy in a different material. Good, who is with the Suffolk County Archaeology Service, told Discovery News that she made the discovery while investigating the remains of a probable funeral pyre dating to 1900-1700 B.C.
The funeral pyre, she said, is "a normal sort of feature we come across every day while out digging." She thinks someone placed goods, including a flint knife, pottery and the jet object, inside the pit after the body was burned. The findings are documented in the current issue of British Archaeology.
Editor Mike Pitts describes the jet object as having "two parallel lines around the edge, supporting 12 pendant semi-circles inside with a double circle and dot in the center. Small floating lines of rocker decoration, some on the side facets, complete the design." "Rocker" refers to the rocking motion that the artist likely used when carving, drawing or chiseling out the design.
Like Stonehenge itself, the meaning of the design remains a mystery, but the material, though not as flashy and precious as gold, held significance for the ancients, according to Alison Sheridan, head of early prehistory in the Department of Archaeology at National Museums Scotland.
"Lots of substances are likely to have been ascribed magical powers, and were used as amulets," she explained. "Jet is a classic example, as it's electrostatic, as well as being rare and beautiful, and has been used by many people around the world and over time as an amulet." She added that this particular piece was made from a "large lump of jet" so it would have been "extra-precious." It might have even been a commissioned "studio piece," perhaps copying the Stonehenge wearer's overall design.
Sheridan analyzed the jet piece and found traces of copper in 4 holes that were cut into the object. She said "it's likely that the lozenge had been fitted onto a garment by copper pins. This would suggest to me that we're thinking leather."
Put together with the position in which the Bush Barrow object was found, she thinks both the jet and gold pieces probably were fitted onto leather garments at the chest. Sheridan, who came up with the term "supernatural power dressing," said these objects, and other evidence, indicate the Stonehenge-era elite were extremely "status and fashion conscious." While no one knows who these people were, she theorizes they probably were wealthy individuals, local leaders, or even maybe some kind of early royalty.
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