Sleep Disorders


A sleep disorder (somnipathy) is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. A test commonly ordered for some sleep disorders is the polysomnogram.




Common Sleep Disorders

The most common sleep disorders include:




Common Causes of Sleep Disorders

Just about anything can cause a sleep disorder - emotional, physical - internal or external. Fear is a strong component of loss of sleep as it produces anxiety, sweats and palpitations. Sleep loss can be temporary or long term, and will cause illnesses as a result. The mind was not built to go without sleep - a time in which the soul processes in another frequency. Changes in life style, such as a shift work change (SWC), can contribute to sleep disorders.

Other problems that can affect sleep:




General Principles of Treatment

Treatments for sleep disorders generally can be grouped into four categories:

None of these general approaches is sufficient for all patients with sleep disorders. Rather, the choice of a specific treatment depends on the patient's diagnosis, medical and psychiatric history, and preferences, as well as the expertise of the treating clinician. Often, behavioral/psychotherapeutic and pharmacological approaches are not incompatible and can effectively be combined to maximize therapeutic benefits. Management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions.

Medications and somatic treatments may provide the most rapid symptomatic relief from some sleep disturbances. Some disorders, such as narcolepsy, are best treated pharmacologically. Others, such as chronic and primary insomnia, may be more amenable to behavioral interventions, with more durable results.

Special equipment may be required for treatment of several disorders such as obstructive apnea, the circadian rhythm disorders and bruxism. In these cases, when severe, an acceptance of living with the disorder, however well managed, is often necessary.





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