Saqqara Pyramids





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Step Pyramid - Pharaoh Djoser - 1st Pyramid Builder - 3rd Dynasty
Pyramid of Userkaf - 5th Dynasty
Pyramid of Unas - 5th Dynasty
     The Pyramid Texts
Pyramid of Teti - 6th Dynasty
Pyramid of Pepi I
Pyramid of Pepi I's Queens and Family
Pyramid of Pepi II
Pyramid of Pepi I's Queens and Family
Pyramid of Djedkare - Ises I - 6th Dynasty
Pyramid of Merenre - 6th Dynasty
Pyramid of Serapeum
Pyramid OF Sekhemkhet
Pyramid of Iput I
Pyramid of Khendjer




Saqqara Tombs - Mastabas

Mastaba of Mereruka - 6th Dynasty
Tomb of Horemheb
Other Saqqara Tombs










Saqqara, located 20 km / 12.5 mi. south of Giza, used to be the most important necropolis of Memphis, the capital city of the Old Kingdom on the opposite shore of the Nile river. It was the original burial site for the kings of the first two dynasties. It was still referred to as burial grounds during the18th and 19th dynasties.

After the 1st dynasty Upper and Lower Egypt had been unified with the help of military power. The inhabitants of the South, of Upper Egypt, invaded the Delta during the pre-dynastic periods, and Memphis would become the new capital of a unified Egypt. Saqqara, originally part of Lower Egypt, was chosen by the pharaohs as their burial grounds as it was situated near Memphis.

A set of early tombs ranging from first- to third-dynasty burial sites lies in the northernmost part of Saqqara. Mastabas made out of bricks of clay held the dead bodies of the early Egyptian monarchs.

South Saqqara is completely separate from Saqqara. It is located about 1km south of the Pyramid of Sekhemkhet, which is the most southern of all the Pyramids in Saqqara. South Saqqara was founded in the 6th Dynasty (2345 - 2181 BC) by the pharaohs. A few of the tombs are interesting and are based on the architecture of the Pyramid of Unas. Most of the tombs have been plundered for their stones by stone-masons or their suppliers of stones.

The Pyramids of Pepi I and Merenre are in complete ruin. To the east of the Pyramid of Merenre is the Pyramid of Pepi II. This Pyramid is surrounded by an entire funerary complex. The inner chamber contains inscriptions and stars. There are smaller Pyramids in the complex as well that belonged to his queens. They are all designed the same as Pepi's and contain a miniature funerary complex as well. The Pyramid of Queen Neith has some wonderful decorations and inscriptions.

To the east of the Pepi II complex is the Mastaba Faraoun, the tomb of Shepseskaf. He was the last Pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty (2613 - 2494 BC). The inside is undecorated and large granite blocks make up the walls. The tomb looks like a huge sarcophagus from the outside. It was originally covered with a thin layer of limestone.

Further to the south are two more Pyramids. The first belongs to Khendjer. This Pyramid is made of brick and has a funerary complex that is made of quartzite. The second Pyramid has no inscriptions and is unfinished. It has white stone chambers which are underground and a funerary chamber made of quartzite. No signs of use are found.




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