The Moon in mythology is the Goddess.
The Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth and is the closest planetary (it's not really a planet, but it's influences are strongly felt) object to us. The moon is without water and the only light it receives is reflected from the Sun. The light which repeats itself in phases every 28 days is caused by the Moons orbit around Earth. Because it is always near us, it represents are 'shadow self', our changeable moods and feelings.
The Moon symbolizes emotions, feelings, instincts and day to day habit patterns and routine. The Moon is very strongly related to mother, home and family. The sign a person's moon is in describes how a person is nurtured and nurturing. The house its in shows the circumstances under which emotions are most likely to express themselves.
In Western astrology the Moon is said to represent the feeling nature in of the individual. It is used to characterise the inner child [emotional body] within us, as well as the past and how we have been as individuals rather than how we are now.
It is also used to represent the perception one has of one's mother, so someone with a Pisces Moon would be more likely to see their mother with Piscean traits, even if that was not the case.
In Chinese astrology the moon is identified with the feminine - the yin. This may be because a woman's menstrual cycle roughly corresponds to one lunar month, approximately 28 or 29 days. In Chinese culture, the sun and the moon, or yang and yin, are said to represent the masculine and the feminine, respectively.
The relationship between the Moon and the Sun are especially important in one's Natal chart. Together these two objects represent the anima - conscious (sun) and animus - subconscious (moon) parts of our self according to Carl Jung. This deals with the duality of our nature and the need to seek and create balance.
The Moon in Astrology rules Cancer - a water sign.
The Moon has figured in many mythologies, often paired or contrasted with the Sun.
The monthly cycle of the moon, in contrast to the annual cycle of the sun's path, has been implicitly linked to women's menstrual cycles by many cultures, although rarely explicitly stated. Many of the most well-known mythologies feature female lunar deities, such as the Greek goddesses Selene and Phoebe and their Olympian successor Artemis, their Roman equivalents Luna and Diana, or the Thracian Bendis. These cultures almost invariably featured a male sun god.
It is worth mentioning the cult that appeared in the Medieval Milan at the end of the 14th century. Two women from higher society, Sibillia Zanni and Pietrina de' Bugatis, were brought in 1384 and again in 1390 before the Inquisition for having claimed that, together with others - both living and dead, they worshipped the goddess Madonna Oriente. Madonna Oriente is the Italian translation of the Latin words "Domina Oriens." It has been demonstrated that this name was used to denote the Moon. Those who worshipped her were the first Inquisition victims to be burned as witches, though not the first victims of persecution as witches nor the first victims of the Inquisiton.
A feminine lunar connection is easily overstated, however, for male lunar gods are also frequent, such as Nanna or Sin of the Mesopotamians, Mani of the Germanic tribes, Thoth of the Egyptians, the Japanese god Tsukiyomi, and Tecciztecatl of the Aztecs. These cultures usually featured female Sun goddesses.
Tsukuyomi also known as Tsukuyomi, is the god of the moon in Shintoism and Japanese mythology. Tsukuyomi lived in the heavens, also known as Takamagahara, with his sister Amaterasu, the sun goddess. Tsukuyomi was born when Izanagi, the god who made Japan, was cleansing himself of his sins while bathing himself after escaping the underworld and the clutches of Izanami. Tsukuyomi was washed out of Izanagi's right eye. Tsukuyomi angered Amaterasu, the sun goddess, when he killed Uke Mochi. Amaterasu once sent her brother to represent her at a feast presented by Uke Mochi, the goddess of food. Unfortunately for Uke Mochi, Tsukuyomi was utterly disgusted by the fact that the meal was created from her mouth and nose and killed her. Soon, Amaterasu learned what happened and she was so angry that she refused to ever look at him again, forever moving to another part of the sky. This is the reason that day and night are never together.
In Aztec mythology, Tecciztecatl ("old moon god"; also Tecuciztecal, Tecuciztecatl) was a lunar deity, representing the old "man-on-the-moon". He could have been the sun god, but he feared the sun's fire, so Nanahuatzin became the sun god and Tecciztecatl (in the form of a rabbit) was promptly thrown into the moon. In some depictions he carried a large, white seashell on his back, representing the moon itself; in others he had butterfly wings. He was a son of Tlaloc and Chalchiuhtlicue.
While many Neopagan authors and feminist scholars claim that there was an original Great Goddess in prehistoric cultures that was linked to the moon and formed the basis of later religions, the Great Goddess figure is highly speculative and not a proven concept. It is important to note that most of the oldest civilizations mentioned above had male lunar deities, and it was only later cultures - the classical ones most people are familiar with - that featured strong female moon goddesses.
The bull was lunar in Mesopotamia (its horns representing the crescent). In the Hellenistic-Roman rites of Mithras, the bull is prominent, with astral significance, but with no explicit connection to the moon.
The words 'lunacy," "lunatic," and "loony" are derived from Luna because of the folk belief in the moon as a cause of periodic insanity. It is a feature of modern belief that shapeshifters such as werewolves drew their power from the moon and would change into their bestial form during the full moon, but this feature is largely absent from older folklore.
The purported influence of the moon in human affairs remains a feature of astrology.
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