Crumpled Mylar found to hold memory of how long it was crumpled PhysOrg - February 24, 2017
Researchers have debated whether grammar skills are innate or learned
New research found that toddlers' grammar skills are not inherent but learned
Grammatical knowledge emerges gradually with a large increase at 24 months
Learning and using language is a big difference between us and other species
The researchers say that studying language learning in children is one way for us to try to find out what makes us human
Infants use prefrontal cortex in learning Science Daily - October 5, 2016
Researchers have long thought that the region of the brain involved in some of the highest forms of cognition and reasoning -- the prefrontal cortex (PFC) -- was too underdeveloped in young children, especially infants, to participate in complex cognitive tasks. A new study suggests otherwise. Given the task of learning simple hierarchical rules, babies appeared to employ much the same circuits as adults doing a similar task.
Common brain changes found in children with autism, ADHD and OCD Science Daily - July 27, 2016
A team of scientists has found similarities in brain impairments in children with autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. The study involved brain imaging of white matter in 200 children. Many of the behaviors that contribute to impairment in autism, ADHD, and OCD, such as attention problems or social difficulties, occur across these conditions, and differ in severity from person to person. The researchers found that the brain's white matter structure was associated with a spectrum of behavioral symptoms present across these diagnoses. Children with greater brain impairment also had higher impairments in functioning in daily life, regardless of their diagnosis.
Map of teenage brain provides evidence of link between antisocial behavior and brain development Medical Express - June 15, 2016
The brains of teenagers with serious antisocial behavior problems differ significantly in structure to those of their peers, providing the clearest evidence to date that their behavior stems from changes in brain development in early life.
Kids have "and/or Problem" despite sophisticated reasoning Medical Express - May 23, 2016
Children seem to interpret disjunction like conjunction. Although it has been claimed children are very different from adults in the interpretation of logical words, the study's larger implication is almost the opposite - namely that the child is otherwise identical to the adult, but there is a very small parameter that distinguishes them. Imagine, for a moment, you are a parent trying to limit how much dessert your sugar-craving young children can eat. "You can have cake or ice cream," you say, confident a clear parental guideline has been laid out. But your children seem to ignore this firm ruling, and insist on having both cake and ice cream. Are they merely rebelling against a parental command? Perhaps. But they might be confusing "or" with "and," as children do at times, something studies have shown since the 1970s. What seems like a restriction to the parent sounds like an invitation to the child: Have both!
Putting on a 'Happy Face' for Kids Takes Emotional Toll on Parents Live Science - February 24, 2016
Parents who hide their true emotions from their children, putting on an insincere "happy face," tend to feel bad about it afterward, a new study finds. Researchers asked parents to remember times when they didn't feel great, but put on a "happy face" anyway when talking with their kids. Overall, parents felt that putting on a fake happy face decreased their sense of well-being and the quality of the bond they had with their kids, the researchers found. It turns out that parents may experience "more pain than pleasure … when parents express more positive emotions than they genuinely feel and mask the negative emotions that they do feel when caring for their children," the researchers said in the study.
There's More Going On in a Baby's Consciousness Than We Are Aware Of Epoch Times - February 10, 2016
In my experience (I have a degree in child psychology and I work as an alternative healer), some babies are having a hard time adjusting from either the birth itself or simply to being in their body. In regression therapy, some people can remember their own birth. The details are confirmed by their parents. It is a phenomenon which is well known among psychotherapists as well as mystics. So there is obviously more going on in the consciousness of an infant than we are aware of.
What Little Babies See That You No Longer Can Scientific American - February 2, 2016
Before developing perceptual constancy, three- to four-month-old babies have a striking ability to see image differences that are invisible to adults. They lose this superior skill around the age of five months. This kind of misperception is an example of perceptual constancy, the mechanism that allows you to recognize an object as being the same in different environments, and under very diverse lighting conditions. The perceptual systems of your predecessors were resistant to annoying changes in the physical reality - as is your own adult perception.
10 Health Findings From 2015 Every Parent Should Know About Huffington Post - December 10, 2015
Reading changes kids' brains.
75 percent of parents face car seats the wrong way.
Children with pet dogs are less likely to have anxiety issues.
Kids should probably eat less pizza.
ADHD rates are up -- especially in girls.
Autism diagnoses may also be up.
Picky eating may not just be a benign, passing phase.
Delaying cord clamping could have benefits that last for years.
A startling number of children are assaulted by their siblings.
A measles outbreak showed how important vaccination is.
More US Kids Are Being Diagnosed with ADHD Live Science - December 8, 2015
The number of children and teens in the U.S. who have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has increased significantly over the past decade, according to a new study. Researchers found that the number of U.S. children diagnosed with the disorder has increased by 43 percent since 2003. The findings suggest that 5.8 million children ages 5 to 17 in the United States have ADHD.
The Benefits Of Meditation For Children Huffington Post - December 4, 2015
Meditation is quickly becoming an integral part of the classroom, as a way for children to manage stress and increase focus. It is currently being used in over 10,000 schools around the world, and has led to fewer student absences, fewer days lost to suspension and a higher graduation rate.
My 5-year-old son is a telepathic genius NY Post - November 5, 2015
Tutoring relieves math anxiety, changes fear circuits in children, study finds PhysOrg - September 8, 2015
Anxiety about doing math problems can be relieved with a one-on-one math tutoring program, according to a new study. Even if they are good at math, many children feel anxious about doing math problems. For some, the anxiety persists throughout life, discouraging them from pursuing advanced math and science classes as well as careers that rely on mathematical expertise. Yet almost no attention has been paid to how to help alleviate this problem.
Research examines relationship between autism and creativity Science Daily - August 14, 2015
People with high levels of autistic traits are more likely to produce unusually creative ideas, new research confirms. While the researchers found that people with high autistic traits produced fewer responses when generating alternative solutions to a problem, the responses they did produce were more original and creative. It is the first study to find a link between autistic traits and the creative thinking processes.
Here's the One Thing That Makes a Kid More Likely to Be Bullied in School Epoch Times - July 8, 2015
Nerds, low-income youngsters, kids with allergies, LGBTQ youths, or students of color - it doesn't take a repeat viewing of Mean Girls to know that children who are different tend to be on the receiving end of verbal or physical abuse from their peers. But there's one characteristic that adults believe makes children more likely to be bullied than any other: being overweight.
Sudden Infant Deaths Linked to Elevation Live Science - May 25, 2015
Babies who live at high elevations, those above 8,000 feet (2,438 meters), may face a slightly increased risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or SIDS, new research finds.But researchers urge parents not to panic about the new findings. "The absolute risk of SIDS remains very low, and ... this is in no way a call to abandon residence in or visits to high-altitude" locations. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Babies as young as six months using mobile media Science Daily - April 27, 2015
More than one-third of babies are tapping on smartphones and tablets even before they learn to walk or talk, and by 1 year of age, one in seven toddlers is using devices for at least an hour a day.
Bullying May Leave Worse Mental Scars Than Child Abuse Live Science - April 28, 2015
Being bullied during childhood may have even graver consequences for mental health in adulthood than being neglected or sexually abused, according to the first-ever study to tease out the effects of peer abuse from childhood maltreatment. Children in the study who had been bullied by their peers, but didn't suffer maltreatment from family members, were more likely to have depression and anxiety in adulthood than children who experienced child abuse but weren't bullied, according to researchers from the United States and United Kingdom. One in 3 children worldwide reports being bullied. Studies have shown that victims of bullying have impaired stress responses and high levels of inflammation, as well as worse health and less workplace success as adults, the researchers said.
5 Simple Tips For Raising A Child With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Epoch Times - April 8, 2015
Raising a child is the most wonderful job in the world; though it wouldn't be wrong to say that it is also the hardest. You have the responsibility of shaping an individual's future, often when you are still trying to add the finishing touches to your own. During the course of your parenthood journey, you may discover certain unique traits (both positive and negative) about your child that make him stand apart. A lot of these behavioral traits could also have medical associations. Parents often attribute their child's performance and conduct to their innate behavior. Rarely do they dig deep to understand its cause.
1. Stay Calm And Patient
2. Follow A Structured Approach
3. Encourage Physical Activity
4. Set Ground Rules
5. Build On Your Child's Social Skills
Element of surprise helps babies learn Science Daily - April 3, 2015
Cognitive psychologists have demonstrated for the first time that babies learn new things by leveraging the core information they are born with. When something surprises a baby, like an object not behaving the way a baby expects it to, the baby not only focuses on that object, but ultimately learns more about it than from a similar yet predictable object.
Auditory brainstem implant: Hearing experts break sound barrier for children born without hearing nerve Science Daily - February 16, 2015
Medical researchers are breaking sound barriers for children born without a hearing nerve. Hearing loss manifests in various forms, most of which can be partially restored through hearing aids and cochlear implants. Those devices cannot help a small population of individuals who do not have a cochlear, or hearing, nerve -- these people are unable to perceive sound, no matter how loud, outside of feeling vibration. The ABI is considered revolutionary because it stimulates neurons directly at the human brainstem, bypassing the inner ear entirely.
It's all about emotional frequencies and body language.
Babies Understand Friendship, Bullies and Bystanders Live Science - February 4, 2015
Babies who are just over a year old already comprehend complex social interactions - they understand what other people know and don't know, and expect them to behave accordingly, new research shows. In the new study, 13-month-olds who watched a puppet show in which one character witnessed another behaving badly expected the witness to shun the villain. But the babies did not expect a shunning if the villain acted badly when the witness wasn't looking.
'Innovative' Intervention Helps Babies at High Risk of Autism Live Science - January 22, 2015
Babies who have a high risk of developing autism may benefit when their parents receive some video-based lessons on how to work with their infants, a new study finds. Researchers found that the babies of parents who completed the lessons were moderately more engaged with other people, did a better job of paying attention and showed more social behaviors, compared with babies whose parents didn't complete the lessons. The results suggest that although early intervention does not prevent autism, it may lessen its features in some children who have a high risk of developing the disorder.
Century-old drug reverses autism-like symptoms in fragile X mouse model Science Daily - January 18, 2015
Researchers previously reported that a drug used for almost a century to treat trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness, reversed environmental autism-like symptoms in mice. Now, a new study suggests that a genetic form of autism-like symptoms in mice are also corrected with the drug, even when treatment was started in young adult mice.
Knowing What You've Never Learned Epoch Times - January 8, 2015
Savants just 'know' the rules of music, art, or math without ever studying them.
The Emotional Intensity and Complexity of Child Prodigies Epoch Times - January 8, 2015
Among prodigies, there is an over-representation of complicated pregnancies and premature births.
Parents: How to Help a Shy Kid Live Science - December 18, 2014
Shy babies and toddlers are at greater risk of developing anxiety later in life, compared with outgoing kids. A new study, however, finds that good parenting can offset that risk for little wallflowers. In fact, shyness and withdrawal from new situations is linked to later anxiety only in babies and toddlers without a secure attachment to their caregivers, according to new research published today (Dec. 18) in the journal Child Development. A secure attachment is a warm, nurturing relationship in which kids feel confident to explore when their mom or dad is around, and also feel comfortable seeking reassurance from them when upset.
A step towards solving the enduring puzzle of 'infantile amnesia' PhysOrg - December 1, 2014
A study led by Professor James Russell shines a light on the phenomenon of infantile amnesia. He argues that children's ability to recall events depends on their being able to unify the environmental elements of when, what and where. Most children develop this ability aged between two and three. Most of us cannot remember toddling around at the age of 18 months or so, let alone being breast or bottle fed as tiny infants. Our early life is a blank to us. It is a blank in the sense that it is not accessible to so-called "episodic memory," which means conscious or "re-experiential" recall of autobiographical events.
Psychologist Says Children With Past-Life Memories Exhibit PTSD Symptoms Epoch Times - December 1, 2014
Children who report memories of violent deaths in past lives may suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to psychologist Dr. Erlendur Haraldsson, professor emeritus at the University of Iceland in Reykjavik. From the ages of 2 to 6, children are more likely to talk about being someone else, often someone who experienced trauma - a soldier who died in the line of fire, a pilot who crashed, a murder victim. After the age of 6, they often lose interest or even forget what they'd previously said. The memories, whether really from a past life or imagined, can have a negative psychological impact on the child. Some become emphatic and distressed about having left their other family or home and wanting to return. Some have debilitating phobias seemingly related to the traumatic death they remember. Some are haunted by the traumas of their purported past lives in flashbacks or nightmares.
When Do Babies Learn Self-Control? Epoch Times - October 8, 2014
In a study of 150 15-month-olds recently published in the journal Cognitive Development, babies watched as an adult demonstrated how to use different noise-making toys. The demonstration was then repeated as a second adult (referred to in the study as “the emoter”) came in the room and angrily berated the first one for making too much noise. Afterwards, the babies had a chance to play with the toys; in half of the cases, the angry adult either left the room or turned away from the babies, and in the other half stood facing them with a neutral expression.
Improving babies' language skills before they're even old enough to speak PhysOrg - September 30, 2014
In the first months of life, when babies begin to distinguish sounds that make up language from all the other sounds in the world, they can be trained to more effectively recognize which sounds "might" be language, accelerating the development of the brain maps which are critical to language acquisition and processing, according to new Rutgers research.
Learning in Nature Is Good for Teachers and Students Epoch Times - September 23, 2014
Children belong outdoors. We know this intuitively, but now an extensive and ever-growing body of research supports it. Kids who spend time outside every day are healthier, happier, more creative, less stressed and more alert than those who don't. Several recent studies even show time in nature or green space helps reduce ADHD symptoms. But what about teachers who take children outdoors, contributing to their learning and growth? More alert, calm and creative students are a plus to them as educators. Could they also benefit as individuals from taking students outside every day?
Artificial intelligence that imitates children's learning PhysOrg - September 23, 2014
The computer programs used in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) are highly specialized. They can for example fly airplanes, play chess or assemble cars in controlled industrial environments. However, a research team from Gothenburg, Sweden, has now been able to create an AI program that can learn how to solve problems in many different areas. The program is designed to imitate certain aspects of children's cognitive development.
Study finds link between beat synchronization in preschoolers and learning reading skills PhysOrg - September 23, 2014
Devising a test for reading aptitude prior to teaching children to read, it is believed, would help children of all levels learn better. If a teacher knew beforehand that a child was going to have a reading disability, for example, that child could be placed into a program developed specifically for their needs, hopefully offering a better long term outcome.
Presence or absence of early language delay alters anatomy of the brain in autism PhysOrg - September 23, 2014
A new study led by researchers from the University of Cambridge has found that a common characteristic of autism - language delay in early childhood - leaves a 'signature' in the brain.The researchers studied 80 adult men with autism: 38 who had delayed language onset and 42 who did not. They found that language delay was associated with differences in brain volume in a number of key regions, including the temporal lobe, insula, ventral basal ganglia, which were all smaller in those with language delay; and in brainstem structures, which were larger in those with delayed language onset.
Message to parents: Babies don't 'start from scratch' PhysOrg - August 14, 2014
There's now overwhelming evidence that a child's future health is influenced by more than just their parents' genetic material, and that children born of unhealthy parents will already be pre-programmed for greater risk of poor health. The paper concludes that parental influences on a child begin before conception, because stored environmental factors in the egg and sperm are contributing more than just genetic material to the child.
Outgrowing emotional egocentricity PhysOrg - May 27, 2014
Children are more egocentric than adults. Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig have demonstrated for the first time that children are also worse at putting themselves in other people's emotional shoes. According to the researchers, the supramarginal gyrus region of the brain must be sufficiently developed in children for them to be able to overcome their egocentric take on the world. Egocentrism refers to the inability to differentiate between one's own point of view and that of other people. Egocentric people consider themselves to be the centre of all activity and assess all events and circumstances from this perspective. They project their own ideas, fears and desires onto the environment and others.
Activity levels in mums and children directly linked BBC - March 24, 2014
The more active a mother is, the more physically active her child will be, suggests a UK study of 500 mums and four-year-olds. But many mothers' exercise levels fell way below recommended levels, it said. Children are not just naturally active, the study concluded - parents have an important role to play in developing healthy exercise habits early on in life.
Should Schools Teach Kids to Meditate? The Atlantic - January 30, 2014
Techies and others in the corporate world have begun using mindfulness, a type of meditation, to combat the stress and overstimulation of their jobs. Even the Marines have used it to improve mental performance under the stress and strain from war. At the same time, more and more studies are showing direct links between meditation and health benefits. A study led by researchers at John Hopkins found that just eight weeks of meditation training was as effective as medication in treating depression, anxiety, and pain.
Babies Know What Makes a Friend Live Science - January 10, 2014
Babies as young as 9 months old know that friends usually have similar interests, new research suggests. The new study shows that babies who are too young to talk still have a set of abstract expectations about the social world.
The Secret to a Well-Behaved Child: Regular Bedtime Live Science - October 14, 2013
Young children who don't have a regular bedtime behave worse than kids who go to sleep at the same time each night, a new study suggests. British researchers found that both mothers and teachers rated 7-year-olds who had inconsistent bedtimes as being more hyperactive than their better-rested peers, and as having more social, emotional and conduct problems. The results also revealed that behavior grew worse the more years a child spent without a firm bedtime. But the good news is that children's behavior noticeably improved when they switched to a scheduled bedtime.
Traits of Autism Seen in Some Kids with ADHD Live Science - August 26, 2013
Nearly one in five children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have traits that are common among children with autism, and having these traits appears to increase children's risk of experiencing impairments in their everyday lives, a new study suggests. Among children in the study with ADHD, 18 percent had autistic traits, while less than 1 percent of children without ADHD had such traits. Children with ADHD and autistic traits were more likely to get in fights, be rejected by their peers, and have problems in school and with their siblings, compared with children with ADHD who did not have the autistic profile, the researchers said in their study.
Children and Smartphones: What's the Right Age? Live Science - August 18, 2013
One of the biggest and most divisive debates among parents of young children and preteens deals with the age at which children should be allowed to have their own smartphone. The advent of kid-friendly apps and the ability to watch streaming videos in the palm of your hand have made the decision even more difficult for parents. A recent survey conducted by mobile service provider Zact found that 56 percent of children ages 10 to 13 have a smartphone, while a shockingly high 25 percent of children ages 2 to 5 have a smartphone. But should children so young have access to their own handsets? And what is an appropriate age to own a smartphone? We spoke with experts in the fields of child psychology and technology to help you decide when to finally cave and get your kid a smartphone.
Dyslexia 'seen in brain scans' of pre-school children BBC - August 14, 2013
Brain scans may allow detection of dyslexia in pre-school children even before they start to read, say researchers. A US team found tell-tale signs on scans that have already been seen in adults with the condition. And these brain differences could be a cause rather than a consequence of dyslexia - something unknown until now.
Autism 'affects male and female brains differently' BBC - August 9, 2013
Experts said girls with the condition could be more stigmatized than boys - and it could be harder for them to be diagnosed at all. Autism affects 1% of the population and is more prevalent in boys, so most research has focused on them.
Toddler Tech: How Young Is Too Young For a Smartphone? Live Science - July 30, 2013
They may not be able to walk, talk or even be out of diapers yet, but that isn't stopping a number of parents from getting their children smartphones. New research has found that one-quarter of children ages 2 and younger own a smartphone, their parents say. Overall, 44 percent of children under age 17 own a smartphone, new research by eMarkerter found. Smartphones were most prevalent among children between ages 14 and 17, with two-thirds of respondents in that age group saying they owned a smartphone. Nearly 40 percent of children between ages 6 and 9 and 54 percent of 10- to 13-year-olds say they also own a phone.
How do babies learn to be wary of heights? PhysOrg - July 24, 2013
Infants develop a fear of heights as a result of their experiences moving around their environments. Learning to avoid cliffs, ledges, and other precipitous hazards is essential to survival and yet human infants don't show an early wariness of heights. As soon as human babies begin to crawl and scoot, they enter a phase during which they'll go over the edge of a bed, a changing table, or even the top of a staircase. In fact, research shows that when infants are placed near a virtual drop-off - a glass-covered table that reveals the floor beneath - they seem to be enthralled by the drop-off, not fearful of it. It's not until later in infancy, at around 9 months, that infants show fear and avoidance of such drop-offs. And research suggests that infants' experiences with falls don't account for the shift, nor does the development of depth perception.
Scientists Show Proof-Of-Principal for Silencing Extra Chromosome Responsible for Down Syndrome Science Daily - July 17, 2013
Scientists at UMass Medical School are the first to establish that a naturally occurring X chromosome "off switch" can be rerouted to neutralize the extra chromosome responsible for trisomy 21, also known as Down syndrome, a genetic disorder characterized by cognitive impairment. The discovery provides the first evidence that the underlying genetic defect responsible for Down syndrome can be suppressed in cells in culture (in vitro). This paves the way for researchers to study the cell pathologies and identify genome-wide pathways implicated in the disorder, a goal that has so far proven elusive. Doing so will improve scientists' understanding of the basic biology underlying Down syndrome and may one day help establish potential therapeutic targets for future therapies.
Some parents want their child to redeem their broken dreams: New study first to test popular psychological theory PhysOrg - June 19, 2013
Some parents desire for their children to fulfill their own unrealized ambitions, just as psychologists have long theorized, according to a new first-of-its-kind study. Researchers found the more that parents see their child as part of themselves, the more likely they are to want their child to succeed in achieving their own failed dreams.
Transcendental Meditation may boost student grades Telegraph.co.uk - June 12, 2013
A form of meditation made popular by John Lennon and his band mates during the "flower power" era has been found to improve students' grades. A study of school pupils found that performing two 20-minute sessions of Transcendental Meditation each day improves academic achievement. The practice involves sitting still with eyes closed while chanting a mantra – also sometimes derided as “oming”.
Piped playground music may reduce bullying Telegraph.co.uk - June 12, 2013
Researchers played calming background music from the CD The Spirit of Yoga on speakers during a school's midday break. They found on days when the music, described as world music with a strong Indian influence, was played, there was an 80 per cent drop in physical and mental intimidation among pupils. The children also reported feeling calmer and happier when they returned to their classrooms. When the music was stopped, bullying increased again.
Normal or Not? Saying Goodbye to Asperger's Live Science - June 11, 2013
Quirky, nerdy fictional characters have brought Asperger's syndrome into the realm of popular culture in recent years. But, as of late May, the disorder that has defined these characters, and been applied to a growing number of real people, will no longer exist thanks to revisions to psychiatric disorders in the new version of the DSM, the DSM-5. Asperger's disorder was marked by difficulties interacting with others, along with abnormal behaviors and abnormally intense interests in topics such as baseball statistics or trains. These characteristics can give people with the disorder a savant-like quality portrayed in pop culture.
Babies practice crying in the womb, Durham researchers claim BBC - June 6, 2013
Unborn babies "practice" facial expressions of pain, researchers from Durham and Lancaster universities say. They believe the fetus is "learning" how to communicate after birth, through crying or grimacing in the womb. A study of ultrasound scans suggests movements develop during pregnancy, from simple smiling to more complex eyebrow lowering and nose wrinkling.
Meditation For Kids: Parents Turn To Mindfulness Practices To Help Children Stay Calm Huffington Post - May 28, 2013
As more adults turn to mindfulness practices like yoga and meditation to combat mounting stress in their own lives (91 percent of Americans experienced stress in the month of March, according to a Huffington Post survey), they're also experimenting with alternative practices to teach their kids to relax. Unfortunately, little ones aren't immune to the damaging effects of stress -- but they may benefit from stress-relieving practices meant to calm the mind and release physical tension. Boston dad Andre Kelly told ABC News that he practices mindfulness meditation with his 10-year-old son Hayden every morning before school. Teaching kids mindfulness can go a long way in helping them boost awareness and control their moods, according to Kelly, who started a meditation program for children, Boston Buddha, to bring mindfulness programs into elementary schools.
The Childhood Age That Predicts Future Success Live Science - May 9, 2013
If you want to see which kids will grow up to be the most successful adults, visit their second-grade classroom, new research suggests. A study by researchers at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland discovered that math and reading ability at age 7 are linked with socioeconomic status several decades later. The researchers found that such childhood abilities predict socioeconomic status in adulthood over and above associations with intelligence, education and socioeconomic status in childhood.
It's Official! The Most Popular Baby Names Are ... Live Science - May 9, 2013
The top 10 names for girls in 2012 were: .... Sophia ...
Geneticists find causes for severe childhood epilepsies PhysOrg - May 7, 2013
Using a state-of-the-art DNA sequencing technique, UA researchers have discovered genetic mutations underlying seizure disorders in previously undiagnosed children. Researchers at the University of Arizona have successfully determined the genetic mutations causing severe epilepsies in seven out of 10 children for whom the cause of the disorder could not be determined clinically or by conventional genetic testing.
Psychopathic Traits Seen in Children's Brains Live Science - May 2, 2013
Children with severe behavioral problems have a suppressed response to others' pain, according to new brain-scan research. Researchers examined brain scans of kids with conduct disorder, which is marked by aggression, cruelty to others and anti-social behavior. Some kids with conduct disorder also display what psychologists call "callous-unemotional traits," which means they lack guilt and empathy.
Food, skin allergies increasing in children, study finds PhysOrg - May 2, 2013
Parents are reporting more skin and food allergies in their children, a big U.S. government survey found. Experts aren't sure what's behind the increase. Could it be that children are growing up in households so clean that it leaves them more sensitive to things that can trigger allergies? Or are mom and dad paying closer attention to rashes and reactions, and more likely to call it an allergy?
Are Teens Really Lazy & Greedy? Live Science - May 1, 2013
Teenagers nowadays show a greater desire for nice things, but they don't want to work hard for the money to purchase such goods, new research suggests. The findings, published today (May 1) in the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, may resonate with all the adults who say "kids these days" feel more entitled than past generations. "Compared to previous generations, recent high-school graduates are more likely to want lots of money and nice things, but less likely to say they're willing to work hard to earn them," said study author Jean Twenge, a psychologist at San Diego State University, in statement. "That type of 'fantasy gap' is consistent with other studies showing a generational increase in narcissism and entitlement."
What Is Plagiocephaly? Live Science - May 1, 2013
The condition in infants known as plagiocephaly, or flat-head syndrome, has an unusual medical history. Some cultures, including ancient Egyptian and Native American societies, intentionally molded a baby's soft skull into a preferred shape using boards or bands worn around the head, according to Comer Children's Hospital at the University of Chicago. In 1992, because cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) were rising, the American Academy of Pediatricians issued guidance that infants always sleep on their backs, not on their bellies.
3D scans reveal hair and facial features of unborn babies Telegraph.co.uk - March 29, 2013
These three dimensional scans of babies while still in the womb are some of the most detailed ever achieved, revealing details including hair, skin texture and even facial expressions.
Five psychiatric disorders 'linked' BBC - March 1, 2013
Autism, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and schizophrenia all share several genetic risk factors, according to a major study. Versions of four genes increased the odds of all five disorders. Researchers hope to move the psychiatry away from describing symptoms towards fundamentally understanding what is going wrong in the brain.
Babies Start 'Mind Reading' Earlier Than Thought Live Science - January 30, 2013
Globally, even babies as young as a year-and-a-half can guess what other people are thinking, new research suggests. Humans are very good at inferring other people's mental states: their emotions, their desires and, in this case, their knowledge.
Unique treatment proposed for children's developmental coordination disorder PhysOrg - November 26, 2012
An Indiana University study proposes an innovative treatment for developmental coordination disorder, a potentially debilitating neurological disorder in which the development of a child's fine or gross motor skills, or both, is impaired.
Many Low IQs Are Just Bad Luck Live Science - October 2, 2012
Intellectual disability affects 1 to 3 percent of children worldwide, half of whom are born to parents of normal intelligence. Researchers have discovered that most of these cases of "sporadic intellectual disability" result from new, random mutations arising spontaneously in the children's genes, not from faulty recessive genes inherited from their parents. The researchers say their finding is one of the first steps in understanding the underlying causes of this condition (also known as mental retardation), which is marked by having an IQ below 70, and is perhaps surprisingly the costliest of all health problems. Understanding the cause may eventually lead to new therapies, they said.
Babies classify by race and gender at 3 months, study shows PhysOrg - September 11, 2012
Long before babies can talk - even before they can sit up on their own - they are mentally forming categories for objects and animals in a way that, for example, sets apart squares from triangles and cats from dogs, psychologists say.
Almost half of depression in adults starts in adolesence PhysOrg - February 29, 2012
A new study by research psychologists at Bangor and Oxford Universities show that half of adults who experience clinical depression had their first episode start in adolescence. In fact, the most common age to see the start of depression is between 13-15 years-old.
Child Abuse Leaves Mark on Brain Live Science - February 14, 2012
Childhood abuse and maltreatment can shrink important parts of the brain, a new study of adults suggests. Reduced brain volume in parts of the hippocampus could help to explain why childhood problems often lead to later psychiatric disorders, such as depression, drug addiction and other mental health problems, the researchers say. This link could help researchers find better ways to treat survivors of childhood abuse.
Study: Babies try lip-reading in learning to talk PhysOrg - January 17, 2012
Babies don't learn to talk just from hearing sounds. New research suggests they're lip-readers too.
New gene discovery unlocks mystery to epilepsy in infants PhysOrg - January 17, 2012
A team of Australian researchers has come a step closer to unlocking a mystery that causes epileptic seizures in babies. Benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE) has been recognizied for some time as infantile seizures, without fever, that run in families but the cause has so far eluded researchers.
Autistic brains develop more slowly than healthy brains: study PhysOrg - October 20, 2011
Researchers at UCLA have found a possible explanation for why autistic children act and think differently than their peers. For the first time, they've shown that the connections between brain regions that are important for language and social skills grow much more slowly in boys with autism than in non-autistic children.
Autistic facial characteristics identified PhysOrg - October 20, 2011
The face and brain develop in coordination, with each influencing the other, beginning in the embryo and continuing through adolescence. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found distinct differences between the facial characteristics of children with autism compared to those of typically developing children. This knowledge could help researchers understand the origins of autism.
A child's memory in military time PhysOrg - October 20, 2011
A 1-year-old child can hold onto a memory for at most a week or two, and can't understand the passage of time until reaching school age, Harvard child development specialists said at a seminar Tuesday aimed at military veterans and members of the armed services.
Children's Mental Health Issues are a Growing Cause of ER Visits Live Science - October 14, 2011
The number of emergency room visits due to mental health problems of children and young adults is on the rise, according to a new study. Researchers analyzed data from 279 million visits kids made to emergency rooms around the country spanning 1999 through 2007. Over the eight-year period, the percentage of those visits attributable to psychiatric complaints rose from 2.4 percent to 3 percent. While seemingly small, such an increase translates to hundreds of thousands of additional psychiatry-related ER visits per year, the study's authors wrote. The largest rise was seen among children who have no health insurance or public health insurance.
Stone-age toddlers had art lessons, study says Guardian - September 30, 2011
Stone age toddlers may have attended a form of prehistoric nursery where they were encouraged to develop their creative skills in cave art, say archaeologists. Research indicates young children expressed themselves in an ancient form of finger-painting. And, just as in modern homes, their early efforts were given pride of place on the living room wall.
What do infants remember when they forget? PhysOrg - September 28, 2011
Six-month-old babies are severely limited in what they can remember about the objects they see in the world; if you hide several objects from an infant, they will only remember one of those objects with any detail.
Parents' Stress Alters Kids' DNA Live Science - September 1, 2011
Stressed-out parents make lasting impressions on their kids, according to a new study that finds the negative experience causes changes to a child's genes that are still present in their teenage years. The finding reveals a mechanism by which childhood experiences impact a person's biology, the researchers said.
Children of depressed mothers have a different brain PhysOrg - August 16, 2011
Scientists worked with ten year old children whose mothers exhibited symptoms of depression throughout their lives, and discovered that the children's amygdala, a part of the brain linked to emotional responses, was enlarged. Similar changes, but of greater magnitude, have been found in the brains of adoptees initially raised in orphanages. Personalized attention to children's needs may be the key factor.
Babies Are Capable of Complex Reasoning Live Science - May 26, 2011
Babies are sophisticated mini-statisticians, a new study finds, capable of making judgments about the probability of an event they've never seen before. Using a computer model, researchers were able to accurately predict what a baby would know about a particular event if given certain information. The model may be useful in engineering artificial intelligence that reacts appropriately to the world, said study researcher Josh Tenenbaum, a cognitive scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Mutant gene linked to ADHD PhysOrg - April 18, 2011
Research identifies the gene GIT1 and the fact that a mutation changing just one letter in the code affects a brain protein that works to balance inhibition and excitability ...
Study finds first direct evidence that ADHD is a genetic disorder PhysOrg - September 30, 2010
The study also found significant overlap between these segments, known as copy number variants (CNVs), and genetic variants implicated in autism and schizophrenia, proving strong evidence that ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder - in other words, that the brains of children with the disorder differ from those of other children.
Kids' Mental Number Lines Reveal Math Memory Live Science - September 11, 2010
Kids who visualize numbers as an evenly spaced line are better at remembering the digits than kids who scrunch up the numbers in their heads, according to a new study. The findings, published in the journal Psychological Science, suggest the way kids visualize numbers reflects their understanding of what the symbols mean.
Gene scan finds link across array of childhood brain disorders PhysOrg - August 22, 2010
Mutations in a single gene can cause several types of developmental brain abnormalities that experts have traditionally considered different disorders. With support from the National Institutes of Health, researchers found those mutations through whole exome sequencing - a new gene scanning technology that cuts the cost and time of searching for rare mutations.
Babies Are Born to Dance Live Science - March 15, 2010
Babies love a beat, according to a new study that found dancing comes naturally to infants. The research showed babies respond to the rhythm and tempo of music, and find it more engaging than speech. The findings, based on a study of 120 infants between 5 months and 2 years old, suggest that humans may be born with a predisposition to move rhythmically in response to music.
If children won't go to school PhysOrg - February 11, 2010
Truancy assumes psychiatric relevance only if it occurs frequently and is accompanied by psychiatric symptoms. Children typically play truant for the first time at the age of about 11 years, whereas anxiety related school avoidance occurs in children as young as 6 years. School avoiders seem to be exposed to more stressful life events, but physical disorders such as asthma or obesity may also play a part.
New clue why autistic people don't want hugs PhysOrg - February 11, 2010
Why do people with fragile X syndrome, a genetic defect that is the best-known cause of autism and inherited mental retardation, recoil from hugs and physical touch - even from their parents?
Vaccine-Autism Link Had Long, Inaccurate History Live Science - February 11, 2010
This year thousands of children in Afghanistan will die from measles; they're among the quarter million of children worldwide who die annually from this preventable disease, a tragic situation that is at least improving. Meanwhile, in the United States this year, thousands of parents will deny the measles vaccine for their children, having heard from someone somewhere that vaccines cause autism. At the hub between these contrasting trajectories - measles deaths dropping from about a million to 250,000 annually since 1999 as a result of focused immunization programs, and measles on the rise year by year in the United States and United Kingdom since 1999 as a result of dramatic declines in immunization rates - is a 1998 study published in the Lancet that invented the vaccine-autism myth.
New study confirms link between advanced maternal age and autism PhysOrg - February 8, 2010
Advanced maternal age is linked to a significantly elevated risk of having a child with autism, regardless of the father's age, according to an exhaustive study of all births in California during the 1990s by UC Davis Health System researchers. Advanced paternal age is associated with elevated autism risk only when the father is older and the mother is under 30, the study found.
Want Passionate Kids? Leave 'em Alone Live Science - February 9, 2010
Parents who want their children to discover a passion for music, sports, or other hobbies should follow a simple plan: Don't pressure them. By allowing kids to explore activities on their own, parents not only help children pinpoint the pursuit that fits them best, but they can also prevent young minds from obsessing over an activity, a new study finds.
3 Simple Steps Can Cut Childhood Obesity Live Science - February 8, 2010
A new study finds three household routines lower the risk of obesity in children: having family dinners, getting enough sleep and limiting weekday TV time. Four-year-olds in homes that followed these practices had a nearly 40 percent lower prevalence of obesity than children who did none of these things. Of course childhood obesity a soaring phenomenon in America ultimately is fueled by poor diet and lack of exercise. But increasingly scientists have been able to tie other lifestyle factors to weight gain
Children Raised by Lesbians Do Just Fine, Studies Show Live Science - February 8, 2010
Children raised by lesbian parents fare as well as they would in heterosexual households, new research suggests. The finding, which comes from a review of essentially all studies on the topic of same-sex parents and the health of their children, helps to tease out politics and science on this highly divisive issue. In general, kids in both heterosexual and lesbian households had similar levels of academic achievement, number of friends and overall well-being. Whether or not kids from homosexual households are more likely to have a non-heterosexual orientation is still unknown. But if there is a genetic component to sexual orientation, it would make sense that kids born to a lesbian mom, say, would be more likely than other kids to be homosexual, scientists say.
Rate of Autism Disorders Climbs to One Percent Among 8-Year-Olds Science Daily - December 20, 2009
Autism and related development disorders are becoming more common, with a prevalence rate approaching 1 percent among American 8-year-olds, according to new data from researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The Queen and I: How autistic brain distinguishes oneself from others PhysOrg - December 14, 2009
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have discovered that the brains of individuals with autism are less active when engaged in self-reflective thought. The study published today in the journal Brain provides new evidence for the neural correlates of self-awareness and a new window into understanding social difficulties in autism spectrum conditions.
Study Reveals Why Infants Can't Walk Live Science - December 14, 2009
Scientists have figured out the underlying reason why human babies can't walk at birth while foals and other hoofed animals get up and go within hours of being born. Turns out, all mammals essentially take their first steps at the same point in brain development. A team of scientists has come up with a model that can predict the onset of those first steps with information on the weight of that animal's mature brain (which indicates brain development time) and whether the species stands with its heels touching the ground like us or on its tippy toes like cats and horses. The results suggest "the neuronal mechanisms that underlie the onset of walking are very similar in different mammals, and that they are activated at a very similar relative time point during brain development," said lead researcher Martin Garwicz of Lund University in Sweden.
Old math reveals new thinking in children's cognitive development PhysOrg - December 11, 2009
Five-year-olds can reason about the world from multiple perspectives simultaneously, according to a new theory by researchers in Japan and Australia. Using an established branch of mathematics called Category Theory, the researchers explain why specific reasoning skills develop in children at certain ages, particularly at age five. The new theory, published December 11 in the open-access journal PLoS Computational Biology, shows that these reasoning skills have similar profiles of development because they involve related sorts of processes.
Scientists discover first evidence of brain rewiring in children PhysOrg - December 10, 2009
Carnegie Mellon University scientists Timothy Keller and Marcel Just have uncovered the first evidence that intensive instruction to improve reading skills in young children causes the brain to physically rewire itself, creating new white matter that improves communication within the brain.
Birth order affects cooperation in later life PhysOrg - December 9, 2009
A new scientific study has found that at least some of the stereotypes associated with older siblings are true: the oldest sibling is often less trusting, less cooperative, and less reciprocating than younger siblings.
The secret to getting toddlers to eat - picture books Telegraph.co.uk - December 3, 2009
Psychologists at Reading University found that one year-olds who regularly look at pictures of vegetables and fruit not part of their normal diet are much more enthusiastic about tasting them. Parents were given picture books about four foods – two fruits and two vegetables.
Down Syndrome becoming more prevalent in the U.S. PhysOrg - December 2, 2009
A new study, aimed at estimating the prevalence of Down Syndrome in newborns, children and teenagers in 10 areas of the U.S., has found an increase in prevalence of more than 30 percent over the last 24 years.
We May Be Born With an Urge to Help New York Times - December 1, 2009
What is the essence of human nature? Flawed, say many theologians. Vicious and addicted to warfare, wrote Hobbes. Selfish and in need of considerable improvement, think many parents. But biologists are beginning to form a generally sunnier view of humankind. Their conclusions are derived in part from testing very young children, and partly from comparing human children with those of chimpanzees, hoping that the differences will point to what is distinctively human. The somewhat surprising answer at which some biologists have arrived is that babies are innately sociable and helpful to others. Of course every animal must to some extent be selfish to survive. But the biologists also see in humans a natural willingness to help.
Why Kids Ask Why Live Science - November 23, 2009
A child's never-ending "why's" aren't meant to exasperate parents, scientists say. Rather, the kiddy queries are genuine attempts at getting at the truth, and tots respond better to some answers than others. This new finding, based on a two-part study involving children ages 2 to 5, also suggests they are much more active about their knowledge-gathering than previously thought.
Study uses brain scans to discover how children 'read' faces PhysOrg - November 20, 2009
The research will also investigate whether there are any differences in the way people with autism spectrum disorders respond to seeing faces. ‘Faces are really very similar in their basic features, but we are very good at recognizing different faces instantly. The brain has to be very specialized to be able to do this quickly and accurately,' says Dr Jennifer Swettenham, who is leading the study.
Cognitive Dysfunction Reversed in Mouse Model of Down Syndrome Science Daily - November 19, 2009
At birth, children with Down syndrome aren't developmentally delayed. But as they age, these kids fall behind. Memory deficits inherent in Down syndrome hinder learning, making it hard for the brain to collect experiences needed for normal cognitive development.
Largest gene study of childhood IBD identifies 5 new genes PhysOrg - November 15, 2009
In the largest, most comprehensive genetic analysis of childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), an international research team has identified five new gene regions, including one involved in a biological pathway that helps drive the painful inflammation of the digestive tract that characterizes the disease.
Even Babies Have "Accents," Crying Study Finds National Geographic - November 5, 2009
Newborn babies start learning language in the womb and are born with what you might call accents, a new study of crying babies says. That fetuses hear and become accustomed to language is nothing new. Several studies have shown that, when exposed to different languages shortly after birth, a baby will typically indicate a preference for the language closest to the one he or she would've heard during gestation.
Babble Of Baby Reveals Language Skills PhysOrg - November 3, 2009
Children have a remarkable ability to learn new languages. As little as five hours of exposure to a second language is enough to help infants incorporate characteristics of that language into their babbling according to a new study.
The importance of grandmothers in the lives of their grandchildren PhysOrg - October 29, 2009
It is widely believed that women live long post-reproductive lives to help care for their grandchildren. According to the "Grandmother Hypothesis," post-menopausal women can increase their genetic contribution to future generations by increasing the survivorship of their grandchildren.
One Shot Of Gene Therapy, And Children With Congenital Blindness Can Now See Science Daily - October 26, 2009
Born with a retinal disease that made him legally blind, and would eventually leave him totally sightless, the nine-year-old boy used to sit in the back of the classroom, relying on the large print on an electronic screen and assisted by teacher aides. Now, after a single injection of genes that produce light-sensitive pigments in the back of his eye, he sits in front with classmates and participates in class without extra help. In the playground, he joins his classmates in playing his first game of softball.
When Does Consciousness Arise in Human Babies? Scientific American - September 3, 2009
It is well recognized that infants have no awareness of their own state, emotions and motivations. Even older children who can speak have very limited insight into their own actions. Anybody who has raised a boy is familiar with the blank look on your teenager's face when you ask him why he did something particularly rash. A shrug and "I dunno - it seemed like a good idea at the time" is the most you'll hear. Although a newborn lacks self-awareness, the baby processes complex visual stimuli and attends to sounds and sights in its world, preferentially looking at faces. The infant's visual acuity permits it to see only blobs, but the basic thalamo-cortical circuitry necessary to support simple visual and other conscious percepts is in place. And linguistic capacities in babies are shaped by the environment they grow up in. Exposure to maternal speech sounds in the muffled confines of the womb enables the fetus to pick up statistical regularities so that the newborn can distinguish its mother's voice and even her language from others. A more complex behavior is imitation: if Dad sticks out his tongue and waggles it, the infant mimics his gesture by combining visual information with proprioceptive feedback from its own movements. It is therefore likely that the baby has some basic level of unreflective, present-oriented consciousness.
North Korea Runs "Train of Love" for Remote Schoolkids National Geographic - August 5, 2009
Reportedly running since 1978, a special passenger train takes children from one of North Korea's northernmost provinces on an hour-long ride to and from school. Inside the train's carriages, portraits of North Korea's leaders - Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il - look down on the children as they pore over their books. It is expected for North Koreans when talking to foreigners to attribute everything good in their lives to the abilities of Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il. The school train is no different. Residents, train, and school staff all say that the train service was first set up in 1978 at the behest of Kim Il Sung, and they all call it the "school train of love".
Fetal Memories? Not So Fast Live Science - July 21, 2009
A new Dutch study that examined how 95 fetuses responded to in-utero vibrations has concluded that "the unborn may have memories by the 30th week of pregnancy" or at least that's how the story is being widely reported.
Screening for childhood depressive symptoms could start in second grade PhysOrg - July 21, 2009
New research indicates that screening children for symptoms of depression, the most common mental health disorder in the United States, can begin a lot earlier than previously thought, as early as the second grade.
New research shows babies have a handle on the meaning of different dog barks PhysOrg - July 20, 2009
New research shows babies have a handle on the meaning of different dog barks - despite little or no previous exposure to dogs.
Mom's Diet Can Change Unborn Baby's Genetics Live Science - April 13, 2009
Because the genes and cellular mechanisms involved in the study are very similar to those in humans, researchers think the study is relevant to us.
Bilingual Babies Get Head Start -- Before They Can Talk National Geographic - April 13, 2009
Even before they can babble a single word, babies in bilingual households may get a head start in life, according to a team of scientists in Italy. Rather than confusing babies, hearing more than one language gives newborns a mental boost, according to the new study, which tested seven-month-old infants.
Baby's first dreams: Research reveals sleep cycles in early fetus PhysOrg - April 13, 2009
After about seven months growing in the womb, a human fetus spends most of its time asleep. Its brain cycles back and forth between the frenzied activity of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and the quiet resting state of non-REM sleep. But whether the brains of younger, immature fetuses cycle with sleep or are simply inactive has remained a mystery, until now.
Spirituality, Not Religion, Makes Kids Happy Live Science - January 9, 2009
The link between spirituality and happiness is pretty well-established for teens and adults. More spirituality brings more happiness. Now a study has reached into the younger set, finding the same link in "tweens" and in kids in middle childhood. Specifically, the study shows that children who feel that their lives have meaning and value and who develop deep, quality relationships - both measures of spirituality, the researchers claim - are happier.
Why Holding Kids Back in School Is Bad Live Science - August 29, 2008
This goes to maturity, size, and more.
Semi-identical twins discovered BBC - March 27, 2007
Scientists have revealed details of the world's only known case of "semi-identical" twins. The twins are identical on their mother's side, but share only half their genes on their father's side.
Feeling No Pain: New Form of Rare Gene Disorder Decoded National Geographic - December 13, 2006
Megan actually has a rare genetic disorder that renders her insensitive to pain. And although she is a fictional character, her problem is real.
Scientists show that children think like scientists PhysOrg - March 29, 2006
Even preschoolers approach the world much like scientists: They are convinced that perplexing and unpredictable events can be explained, according to an MIT brain researcher's study in the April issue of Child Development.
How babies do maths at 7 months BBC - February 15, 2006
Babies have a rudimentary grasp of maths long before they can walk or talk, according to new research. By the age of seven months infants have an abstract sense of numbers and are able to match the number of voices they hear with the number of faces they see.
Babies Recognize Faces Better Than Adults National Geographic - May 22, 2005
Human babies start out with the ability to recognize a wide range of faces, even among races or species different from their own, according to a new study. The researchers focused on face processing - the ability to recognize and categorize faces, determine identity and gender, and read emotions. Their findings suggest that, in humans, this skill is a case of "use it or lose it."
Children create new sign language BBC - September 12, 2004
A new sign language created over the last 30 years by deaf children in Nicaragua has given experts a unique insight into how languages evolve.
Newborns prefer to look at beautiful faces BBC - September 6, 2004
Newborn babies - just like adults - prefer to look at an attractive face, new research in the UK has shown. The University of Exeter study reveals that infants are born with in-built preferences which help them to make sense of their new environment. Newborns were shown two images side by side, one showing an attractive face and the other a less attractive one.
Researchers Find Brain Receptors Linked to Mother-Infant Bonding Scientific American - July 6, 2004
Morphine acts on a part of the brain known as the opioid system, which is linked to pain, pleasure and addictive behaviors. The results of a mouse study published in today's issue of the journal Science suggest that the same brain circuitry plays a role in mother-infant bonding.
Brain Activity Abnormal In Children With Delayed Speech Science Daily - December 20, 2003
Children with unusually delayed speech tend to listen with the right side of the brain rather than the left side of the brain. The findings indicated that children with seriously delayed speech have higher levels of right brain lobe activity than children without delayed speech, who tend to use the left side of their brains when they listen. They also found that language-delayed children age 4 and older had less total brain activation than the children in the control group, potentially indicating that speech-delayed children are less receptive to language as they age.
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