List of Aztec Rulers (Emperors)



This is a list of Mesoamerican rulers of the altepetl of Tenochtitlan (modern Mexico City) from its foundation in 1325 until the end of the line of indigenous rulers. From c. 1375 onwards, the rulers of Tenochtitlan were monarchs and used the title tlatoani.

From 1427 to 1521, the tlatoque of Tenochtitlan were alongside those of the cities Tetzcoco and Tlacopan the leaders of the powerful Triple Alliance, commonly known as the Aztec Empire.

The rulers of Tenochtitlan were always pre-eminent and gradually transitioned into the sole rulers of the empire; under either Tizoc (1481-1486) or Ahuitzotl (1486-1502), the tlatoque of Tenochtitlan assumed the grander title huehuetlatoani ("supreme tlatoani") to indicate their superiority over the other tlatoque in the alliance.

The evolution into full autocracy was finished by 1502, when Moctezuma II was elected as huehuetlatoani of Tenochtitlan without the traditional input from Tetzoco and Tlacopan.

In 1521, the Aztec Empire was conquered Spaniards under Hernan Cortez and a large number of Mesoamerican allies. Tenochtitlan was destroyed and replaced by Mexico City, through the Spanish colonial authorities continued to appoint tlatoque of Tenochtitlan until the office was abolished in 1565.


Tenoch (1325-1376)

Acamapichtli (1376-1395)

Huitzilihuitl (1395-1417)

Chimalpopoca (1397-1427)

Itzcoatl (1427-1440)

Moctezuma I (1440-1469)

Axayacatl (1469-1481)

Tízoc (1481-1486)

Ahuitzotl (1486-1502)

Moctezuma II (1502-1520)

Cuitlahuac (1520)

Cuauhtemoc (1520-1521)




Have we found the resting place of Aztec rulers? Mexican tunnel that leads to sealed chambers could contain ancient royalty   Daily Mail - November 23, 2015

Tunnel was discovered in Mexico City's Templo Mayor ruin complex leads into a platform where dead rulers were believed to be cremated. The blocked-up entrances will be excavated in 2016, researchers said May contain remains of Moctezuma I and successors, Axayacatl and Tízoc. One researcher detected signs that a passageway appeared to lead deeper into the ceremonial platform, known as the Cuauhxicalco. This is the location where written accounts from after the 1521 Spanish conquest indicated that rulers' remains were burned.





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