Titus Maccius Plautus (254 BC - 184 BC, born at Sassina, Umbria) was a comic playwright in the time of the Roman Republic. The years of his life are uncertain, but his plays were first produced between about 205 BC and 184 BC. Twenty-one plays survive.
Plautus' comedies, which are among the earliest surviving intact works in Latin literature, are mostly adaptations of Greek models for a Roman audience.
His most typical character is the clever slave who manipulates his master, reversing the master-slave dynamic expected of such relationships in the Roman world.
Most characters in Plautus' play are stock characters such as Senex (the old man).
Plautus' work gave ideas to many playwrights afterwards, such as William Shakespeare, Moli¸re, Lessing and others.
His comedies Miles Gloriosus and Pseudolus were also the basis for the 1962 musical A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum.
He wrote the plays Poenulus, Amphitryon, Captivi, Persa, Pseudolus, Miles Gloriosus, Aulularia, Trinummus, Rudens, Mercator, Curculio, Stichus, Menaechmi and Asinaria.
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