Ramadan - also spelled Ramazan, Ramzan, Ramadhan or Ramathan - is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting. It commemorates Muhammad's first revelation. The annual observance of Ramadan is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam and lasts twenty-nine to thirty days, from one sighting of the crescent moon to the next.
Ramadan begins at different times each year - no exact calendar date. It comes at the time of a crescent moon one day after a new moon. The holiday of Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan after a crescent new moon. Eid celebrates the return to one's normal way of life.
Ramadan is thought as one of the names of God in Islam by some, and as such it is reported in many hadiths that it is prohibited to say only "Ramadan" in reference to the calendar month and that it is necessary to say "month of Ramadan", as reported in Sunni.
n the Persian language, the Arabic letter 'D' is pronounced as 'Z'. The Muslim communities in some countries with historical Persian influence, such as Azerbaijan, Iran, India, Pakistan and Turkey, use the word Ramazan or Ramzan.
Muslims hold that all scripture was revealed during Ramadan, the scrolls of Abraham, Torah, Psalms, Gospel, and Quran having been handed down on the first, sixth, twelfth, thirteenth (in some sources, eighteenth) and twenty-fourth Ramadans, respectively. Muhammed is said to have received his first quranic revelation on Laylat al-Qadr, one of five odd-numbered nights that fall during the last ten days of Ramadan. Read more
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