The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea megathrust earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on Sunday, 26 December 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. The quake itself is known by the scientific community as the Sumatra - Andaman earthquake. The resulting tsunami was given various names, including the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, South Asian tsunami, Indonesian tsunami, the Christmas tsunami and the Boxing Day tsunami.
The earthquake was caused when the Indian Plate was subducted by the Burma Plate and triggered a series of devastating tsunamis along the coasts of most landmasses bordering the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people in fourteen countries, and inundating coastal communities with waves up to 30 metres (100 ft) high. It was one of the deadliest natural disasters in recorded history. Indonesia was the hardest-hit country, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.
With a magnitude of Mw 9.1Ð9.3, it is the third-largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph. The earthquake had the longest duration of faulting ever observed, between 8.3 and 10 minutes. It caused the entire planet to vibrate as much as 1 centimetre (0.4 inches) and triggered other earthquakes as far away as Alaska. Its epicentre was between Simeulue and mainland Indonesia. The plight of the affected people and countries prompted a worldwide humanitarian response. In all, the worldwide community donated more than $14 billion (2004 US$) in humanitarian aid. Read more ..
Will Indonesia Be Ready for the Next Tsunami? National Geographic - December 26, 2014
Ten years after catastrophic waves lashed Sumatra, Indonesia has rebuilt. But the risk of another devastating tsunami is high.
'End of the World': Memories Still Fresh, 10 Years After Tsunami NBC - December 26, 2014
Tsunami-hit nations mark anniversary BBC - December 26, 2014
Tsunami 2004 victims remembered Sky News - December 26, 2014
A mother had to chose which son to save.
Indian Ocean Tsunami 10 Years Later: What's Changed? Discovery - December 26, 2014
How the Boxing Day tsunami unfolded, hour by hour Telegraph - December 26, 2014
Tsunami Science: Advances Since the 2004 Indian Ocean Tragedy Live Science - December 26, 2014
National Geographic Coverage
Did Island Tribes Use Ancient Lore to Evade Tsunami? January 24, 2005
Tsunami Family Saved by Schoolgirl's Geography Lesson January 18, 2005
Tsunami in Southeast Asia January 18, 2005
Tsunamis More Likely to Hit U.S. Than Asia January 3, 2005
Tsunami in 2004 'not the first' of its size to hit the region October 29, 2008
600 years ago there was a similar tsunami.
Tsunami among world's worst disasters - December 26, 2004
Tsunami throws up India relics February 11, 2005
Ghosts stalk Thai tsunami survivors January 25, 2005
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